“I believe that the Presidential system would be far better in our country than the Parliamentary system because of the nature of our polity and the fact that we have so many political parties, coalition governments have the say in the last couple of decades,” Tharoor said. He also said, “Parliamentary system sadly privileges a situation where checks and balances outweigh the possibility of decisive action and instead of electing someone to get something done and then holding him/her accountable at the next elections, we are essentially forced to elect someone who spends a large portion of their time try ing to stay in power rather than exercising their power in terms of effective governance.”
(1) The best government is the one you can get rid of most easily. (2) Voting patterns are not independent of the electoral system, and you may get something you didn’t wish for. (3) Lack of decisiveness in government is not always, or even usually, socially undesirable. (4) Because of its complexity and importance, great prudence should be exercised in introducing sweeping constitutional reforms.
(1) Monolithic political organizations: Indian political parties are quite monolithic. Power is concentrated among a few. This is true of not only the Congress(I) but also of the BJP and the Janata Dal.
(1a) The Congress(I) does not even have elections for the post of President of Congress(I).This is a tremendously undemocratic system. While there are some advantages to a Presidential system, the danger to the political system itself from abuse of power is tremendous. The danger is that India will face the same sorts of issues related to abuses of power that countries like Pakistan and Afghanistan have faced.(2) Corruption would worsen: Corruption is rife in Indian politics. By accumulating power with a single person, there will likely be much more corruption.
(3) Lack of support for free markets: It is unclear that the President of India would be pro-free market. This ultimately is the killer argument. If nothing else, the most important thing for India right now is that its policy of liberalization continue.
What looks like a failure of decisive action from the government is really the inability of the political parties to truly free the invisible hand.
Update (Mar 26, Mar 27): Updated the post a bit. From Wikipedia's article on India's Congress(I) :
The All India Congress Committee (AICC) is formed of delegates sent from the PCCs around the country. The delegates elect various Congress committees, including the Congress Working Committee, which consists of senior party leaders and office bearers, and takes all important executive and political decisions.
It is time, I think, for us to talk about real democracy.